The need for CPR
Ireland has a high rate of death from Heart Desease – around 10,000 per year. CPR can often prevent death if started immediately and early CPR can prevent permanent brain and heart damage. Chest compressions pump blood to the brain and rescue breaths deliver oxygen to the lungs. CPR increases the effectiveness of the AED. Within 5 minutes of CPR survival rates are 50% without CPR after 10 minutes survival rates a 0%
CPR is a life-saving technique performed on a person whose heart has stopped beating and is not breathing. CPR manually pushes oxygen into the lungs so that it can go to the brain and keep the person alive.
There are two types of CPR:
- Traditional CPR which involves giving chest compressions and rescue breaths to the person
- Compression-only CPR involves giving chest compressions only to the person
In order to master effective CPR skills, you must attend a Cardiac First Response (CFR) course which is recognised by PHECC or the Irish Heart Foundation.
Early access to help, early CPR, early defibrillation (AED) and early advance life support are the important links in the chain of survival in sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. You can make a difference.
If you see someone collapse, who is unresponsive and not breathing, they will still have oxygen-rich blood in their body – you are the link in the chain that will make a difference to their survival.
The key thing to remember when administering CPR is to keep compressing the chest until trained emergency medical personnel take over from you.
The Chain of Survival
The Chain of Survival is a sequence of steps to provide the best chance of survival after someone has suffered a Cardiac Arrest.
Each link is equally important, the emphasis is on Early
A First Aider can be most effective by starting CPR without delay
For every minute without CPR the chances of survival decrease by 10%
Early CPR can increase the chance of survival by 50%
Early Access – Identify early warning signals and call EMS
Early CPR – Minimum blood flow to vital organs
Early Defibrillation – Use of AED
Early Advanced Care – EMS provide ALS including oxygen and medication
Early Post Resuscitation Care – Recovery position • Professional Healthcare
AED – Automated External Defibrillator
What is an AED?
Automated External Defibrillator
When do you use it?
When the heart stops, (‘cardiac arrest’) Sometimes caused by ventricular fibrillation
What does it do?
Stops heart & ventricular fibrillation.
MKD offer a 4 hour CPR/AED course – Cardiac First Responder. This course covers Heart Attack, Stroke, Cardiac Arrest, Choking and the recovery position. Anyone can take this course and it is PHECC accredited with a 2 year certificate. MKD can also offer free 6 month refreshers in AED use and CPR.